Bass Guitar, Lead and Background Vocals 
"I grew up in a musically oriented family. My father's orchestra was quite popular in the Central Ohio area and was a major influence in my musical development. At the age of five, I began trumpet lessons and by high school had an extensive and diverse vocal and instrumental background. Numerous rhythm and blues bands, and jazz ensembles, transitioned to a fascination with bass guitar, which remains to this day. Enrollment in the Columbus, Ohio, Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame was the highlight of a marvelous musical experience."